An artificial system that copies or simulates the act of flying an aircraft in a realistic manner is a flight simulator. A flight sim is available from a computer game to actual cockpit replica placed on a hydraulic actuator, controlled by sophisticated computer technology. Use of flight simulator in the aviation industry is varied – from training pilots and flight crew to design and development in civil and military aircraft. Aerospace manufacturers also use the engineering flight simulators to develop and test flight hardware, software and aircraft systems.
Mainly a flight sim is used for training of pilots. The Part Task Trainers (PPT) is for the beginner covering one or more aircraft systems and the Cockpit Procedures Trainers (CPT) is meant for practicing drills and checks. The advanced Full Flight Simulators (FFS) with motion platforms have the ability to move in all six degrees-of-freedom (6-DoF) combined with visual system to view the outside world. These high-end simulators have a Control Loading System to give a feel of real forces on pilot controls to trainee pilots.
An advanced flight sim also provides a pilot the experience of three rotations and three linear movements. Training for normal and emergency operating procedures such as engine failures and aircraft system malfunction like flight instruments, hydraulics, electrics, pressurization, etc. can be availed in a flight simulator.
Flight simulator software was the harbinger of programs developed for computer game technologies. Each game was mostly based on the real world, striving for realism to reach a wider audience. The games can be used for basic flight training apart from leisure time engagement. Various flight sim software provide for flying experience in different types of aircraft in good number of landscapes and environment.
Home entertainment changed drastically after flight simulator software was available for free download on the Internet.
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